MODULE 1. LEARNING THEORIES
What is ethnography?
Types of conditioning & reinforcement
Habituation, play, observation
Innate behaviours v’s learned
MODULE 2. EVOLUTION
Evolution of the domestic dog
Genetics and the influence on
MODULE 3. NEUROSCIENCE
Anatomy & Physiology of the brain
Voluntary & Involuntary
Stimuli and senses
MODULE 4. THEORY OF MIND & INTELLIGENCE
What is intelligence?
MODULE 5. PHYSIOLOGY OF BEHAVIOUR
Normal and abnormal physiology
Impact of stressors on the body-what factors might change the normal homeostasis
Development of puppies into adulthood
Factors that can cause
MODULE 6. THE HUMAN-COMPANION ANIMAL BOND
Anthropocentrism and ecocentrism
The canine as family and anthropomorphism
Dogs as healers
Animal abuse and domestic abuse: the links between human/animal violence
MODULE 7. THE HUMAN FACTOR
‘Tea & sympathy’ – empathy and listening skills
Personal impact & compassion fatigue
MODULE 8. BEHAVIOURAL DIAGNOSTICS
Feedback from carers
MODULE 9. ALLOPATHIC & ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS
Alternative medicine and other treatments
MODULE 10. ETHICS
MODULE 11. DISSERTATION OR RESEARCH PROJECT
You will submit a
Samples from three coursework essays. These give an indication of the content and style of writing expected.
Compassion has deep evolutionary roots, and along with the emotion of empathy, can be found by neuron activity within the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Mirror neurons react when we sense another’s emotions, and oxytocin is released through trust and social bonding. Specific genes and receptors also predispose us to altruism, there is a real health benefit for us to act with kindness and compassion. Our empathy with others which allows us to understand how they feel, also allows us to momentarily mirror their feelings. However, our somatic empathy, that which we unconsciously feel deep within ourselves, is a major factor in compassion fatigue. The right side of our brain which is involved in regulating our emotional lives becomes repeatedly overused, and ultimately we can become dysfunctional showing symptoms of depression, anxiety, hypochondria, combativeness and the inability to concentrate (Smith 2009).
The hypothalamus is pea-sized and weighs (in a human) around 4g (Nevid, 2016). It is located below the thalamus at the base of the brain (Boreree, 2015 cited in Tyler et al, 2017) and receives information that is linked with the fight-flight response such as increased heart rate and changes in blood flow (Tyler et al, 2017). The hypothalamus
One of the key issues around this debate is sentience and the ability to recognize that animals do have it. Current European law recognizes animals as sentient beings, able to feel pain, suffer and experience joy, and in 1998 a directive was signed putting into place five rules, better known as the “five freedoms”. These were composed of freedom from hunger and thirst, freedom from discomfort, freedom from pain, injury and disease, freedom to express normal
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